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International Finance Service & Consulting

Small Investment Program
IFS has developed a guarantee program called the Small Investment Program (SIP), which is specifically designed for small and medium-size investors (SMIs) investing in small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs). IFS helps the SME sector in emerging economies in two ways: (1) directly, by providing political risk insurance (guarantees) to foreign investors who wish to invest in SMEs, and (2) indirectly, by providing political risk insurance to financial institutions that will then lend to small and medium-size businesses through local affiliates. IFS SIP offers a standardized package of risk coverages including currency inconvertibility and transfer restriction, expropriation, and war and civil disturbance.
The program is tailored to small and medium-size investors, offering:
  quick and efficient underwriting process
  single application form
  no application fee
  discounted premiums
IFS has a dedicated SIP team that guides investors through the underwriting process.
Depending on the availability of the necessary project information, IFS can issue guarantees within 6-8 weeks of receiving an application.
What is Eligible?
Eligible Investments
IFS insures new investments destined for developing countries as well as investments associated with the expansion, modernization, or financial restructuring of existing projects. Acquisitions that involve the privatization of state-owned enterprises are also eligible. Other investments may be eligible and are considered on a case-by-case basis. Types of foreign investments that can be covered include equity, shareholder loans, and shareholder loanguaranties, provided the loans have a minimum maturity of three years. Commercial bank loans can also be insured, provided that an equity investment in the project is insured concurrently or has already been insured. Other forms of investments, such as technical assistance and management
contracts, and franchising and licensing agreements, are also eligible for coverage.
New investments are those that have neither been made nor irrevocably committed on the date of submission to IFS
of an application for guarantee. In keeping with IFS' objective of promoting economic growth and development, investment projects must be financially and economically viable, environmentally sound, and consistent with the labor standards and other development objectives of the host country.
Size of Investment
Investments are eligible for coverage under SIP if they are related to the establishment of an SME, or made into an existing SME, in a developing member country.
In order to qualify as an SME the project enterprise must fulfill two of the following criteria:
 No more than 300 employees
 Total assets should not be more than US$15 million
 Total annual sales should not be more than US$15 million
Investments in the financial sector are eligible under SIP if they are geared towards providing financial services for SMEs, and at least 50 percent of clients related to the investment are SMEs as defined above.
Eligible Investors
Eligible investors include:
 Nationals of IFS member countries
 Corporations if they are either incorporated and have their principal place of business in a member country, or if they are majority-owned by nationals of member countries.
The Small Investment Program has no restrictions with respect to the size of the investor. However, the Programm is specifically designed to assist small and medium-size investors. The application fee is waived for SMIs. In order to
qualify as an SMI, the company must have no more than 375 employees and fulfill one of the following additional criteria:
have no more than US$50 million in assets or US$100 million in annual sales.
TERMS OF SIP GUARANTEE
SIP guarantees have a term of up to 10 years (three years minimum), with the possibility of an extension of up to five
years at the end of the original term, at IFS' discretion. The maximum amount of guarantee offered is US$5 million
(the actual size of the investment may be bigger). There is no minimum required amount of guarantee. SIP covers
up to 90 percent of the investment for equity and up to 95 percent for debt.
For guarantee requests above this amount, investors may apply for coverage under IFS' regular guarantee program.
SIP' contract of guarantee includes coverage against three types of risks:
 Currency inconvertibility and transfer restriction
 Expropriation
 War and civil disturbance
Breach of contract coverage and Category A projects— which are likely to have significant adverse environmental impacts— not available or eligible for coverage through SIP.
Investors requiring breach of contract coverage or investing in a Category A project may apply through IFS'
regular guarantee program.
In order for IFS to pay a claim on an insured investment, shares, assets and other securities obtained by the investor
in connection with such investment must be assigned to IFS unencumbered.
Guarantee Coverages
Currency inconvertibility and transfer restriction
Protects against losses arising from an investor' inability to convert local currency (capital, interest, principal, profits,
royalties and other remittances) into foreign exchange for transfer outside the host country. The coverage insures against excessive delays in acquiring foreign exchange due to host government action or failure to act. IFS pays
compensation in the currency specified in the contract of guarantee.
Expropriation
Protects against losses arising from host government actions that may reduce or eliminate ownership of, control over,
or rights to the insured investment. In addition to outright nationalization and confiscation, "" expropriation—a series of acts that, over time, have an expropriatory effect— also covered. Coverage is available on a limited basis for partial expropriation (e.g., confiscation of funds or tangible assets). Bona fide, nondiscriminatory measures by the host government in the exercise of legitimate regulatory authority are not considered to be expropriatory.
For total expropriation of equity investments, IFS pays the net book value of the insured investment. For expropriation
of funds, IFS pays the insured portion of the blocked funds. For loans and loan guaranties, IFS can insure the outstanding principal and any accrued and unpaid interest.
Compensation will be paid upon assignment of the investor' interest in the expropriated investment (e.g., equity shares or interest in a loan agreement) to IFS.
War and Civil Disturbance
Protects against loss from, damage to, or the destruction or disappearance of, tangible assets caused by politically motivated acts of war or civil disturbance in the host country, including revolution, insurrection, coups d' sabotage, and terrorism. War and civil disturbance coverage also extends to events that, for a period set forth in the contract of guarantee, result in an interruption of project operations essential to overall project financial viability. Business interruption coverage is effective when the investment is considered a total loss; at that point, IFS will pay the book value of the total insured equity investment.
For equity investments, IFS will pay the investor' share of the least of the book value of the assets, their replacement cost, and the cost of repair of damaged assets. For loans and loan guaranties, IFS will pay the insured portion of the principal and interest payments in default as a direct result of damage to the assets of the project caused by war and civil disturbance or as a result of business interruption caused by covered events. Breach of contract coverage is not offered under SIP, but investors requiring this coverage may apply through IFS' regular guarantee program.
How to Apply
Application Process and Form
The SIP application, to be completed by the investor, provides IFS with the information needed to underwrite a project and prepare a contract of guarantee. The application requires information on the amount and type of investment, the expected developmental and environmental impacts of the project, and its financial and economic viability.
Once the SIP application is received, IFS will register the project and contact the investor to begin the underwriting process.
Investors may download an electronic copy of the SIP application
Once the application is registered, implementation of the investment, through transfer or irrevocable commitment of investment resources to the project, may commence. Should the investor have insufficient information to complete the SIP application, we request that the investor submit Section 1 of the application and update once full information is available.
This will allow IFS to register the project and preserve its eligibility as a new investment. However, until IFS' analysis and due diligence is complete, the agency will not be able to commit to providing the requested guarantees.
The approval process should not take longer than 6-8 weeks if the information requested in the application is fully completed and IFS is supplied with all relevant project documentation. Once the guarantee proposal has been approved by IFS, the investor will receive a contract of guarantee, and on receipt, will have a period of six weeks to sign the contract. If the investor decides not to go ahead within this period, IFS will terminate the guarantee process. To avoid delays in the application process, business and financial plans should be in place and financial projections available prior to filing the application.
Please contact us
Questions regarding SIP or the application process should
be forwarded to:
Mr. Geisel
a@octonet.org